The most common term for the city, Yerushalayim, is mentioned 349 times in the Jewish Bible, while Tziyon is mentioned an additional 108 times.
Modern Jewish Connection to Jerusalem Although the Temple hasn't stood for almost 2,000 years, Jerusalem continues to be the focus of the Jewish world.
The Temple may not be there, but Jews believe that the intrinsic holiness of the site always remains.
Yasser Arafat constantly repeats that there can be no peace without Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and total Muslim sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
Indeed, the last Camp David Summit floundered over Arafat's uncompromising position on the issue of controlling the site.
Four hundred and ten years after its completion, it was utterly destroyed by the Babylonians when they besieged Jerusalem and no trace of it remains.