The later identified caves have been suffixed with the letters of the alphabet, such as 15A identified between originally numbered caves 15 and 16.
The first Satavahana period caves lacked figurative sculpture, emphasizing the stupa instead.
Since he stood on a five-foot high pile of rubble collected over the years, the inscription is well above the eye-level gaze of an adult today.
Within a few decades, the caves became famous for their "exotic" setting, impressive architecture, and above all their exceptional and unique paintings.
The most elaborate caves were produced in this period, which included some refurbishing and repainting of the early caves.
Although debate continues, Spink's ideas are increasingly widely accepted, at least in their broad conclusions. According to Spink, the construction activity at the incomplete Ajanta Caves was abandoned by wealthy patrons in about 480 CE, a few years after the death of Harishena.
For a long time it was thought that the later caves were made over an extended period from the 4th to the 7th centuries CE, Caves of the second period are 1–8, 11, 14–29, some possibly extensions of earlier caves.